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Playland Fact Sheet

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The Playland fact sheet was published by the Pacific National Exposition, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada, and released Released opening day 1958

Introducing Canada's Finest Amusement Park
The Pacific National Exhibition's Playland Amusement Park

Fact Sheet Owned and Operated by
Burrard Amusements, Ltd.

President - G. F. "Jerry" Mackey
Secretary - Denver Burtenshaw
Treasurer - Robert Bollinger
Public Relations & Promotion
      Manager - Jerry Crawshaw


The Playland Story
The 1958 Pacific National Exhibition season marks the opening of the $1,000,000, nine-acre PLAYLAND Amusement Park situated on the west side of Empire Stadium in the heart of metropolitan Vancouver.

Opening of the lavish new park with its 11 major permanent rides including one of North America's highest and fastest roller coaters, climaxes a five-year old dream of PNE officials and three long-time associates of the PNE, G. P. "Jerry" Mackey, Denver Burtenshaw and Bob Bollinger.

In co-operation with the PNE, the trio have formed Burrard Amusements Ltd. Mackey, one of North America's best known concessionaires, Burtenshaw, a top Pacific Northwest restaurant and cafeteria operator, and Bollinger, generally acknowledged as the number one "ride man" on the Pacific Coast have combined their talents to create a first-class year-around amusement centre that is a credit to the PNE and the community.

Besides the 11 major rides, the park also includes six permanent kiddie rides, 14 permanent concessions ranging from a shooting gallery to a horse race game, a beautiful restaurant that will also serve drive-in customers and two smaller food concessions.

The $1,000,000 valuation is arrived at by combining development, buildings, equipment, and construction costs.

Actually, the park was conceived by PNE Amusements' manager Dave Dauphinee, one morning during the Fair five years ago. Dauphinee and two PNE directors, Aubrey Gross and Charles Leek, were sitting in Mackey's trailer (office) behind the midway which was then situated on the northwest corner of the fair grounds.

Because of its temporary nature the Gayway was often referred to, by PNE officials privately, and others publicly, as the Fair's "Skid Road". On that particular morning five years ago the group was discussing the fact that while the PNE is North America's fifth largest annual fair, the large traveling carnivals by-passed it because Vancouver is so far off the beat and path in terms of the major fair circuit.

"We're growing up," Dauphinee told the group. "It's time we built our own permanent amusement park."

He went on to outline what he felt the park should include, and then, looking squarely at Mackey, he added "Why don't you come up with some ideas?"

From that conversation grew the PLAYLAND Amusement Park. Mackey, who had been a fixture at the PNE since 1928, recruited Burtenshaw and Bollinger, both of whom were well known at the PNE where they had been regular operators since the late 1940's.

Eventually, under the watchful eyes of PNE officials and city planning director Gerald Sutton Brown, the park idea grew from a simple plan to build a roller coaster near the site of the old Happyland Park into a boldly conceived and executed layout on a new location that can fairly be called Canada's Finest Amusement Park.

Playland

When PLAYLAND, Canada's finest amusement park, opens today on the PNE grounds just west of Empire Stadium, it will boast one of North America's highest and fastest roller coasters, ten other major rides, its own permanent restaurant, and fourteen permanent concessions along a "rain or shine" Midway.

The colorful $1,000,000 layout designed by architect Douglas Miller features a 460-foot long concession stand with space for the 165 permanent concessions as well as a roof that juts out 25 feet over a blacktop walkway.

The concession line includes an 80-foot Penny Arcade, a 24-foot shooting gallery, a comic photo gallery, as well as the usual carnival games of skill, including a Ski-Ball, Dart Games, Ring Toss, Ham and Bacon Flasher and the Milk Bottle stand.

In addition the Park will have its own 100-seat cafeteria style, octagonal shape restaurant and attached drive-in, two giant restrooms, its own offices, warehouse and workshops.

During the Fair the permanent concessions and rides will be augmented by additional lines of concessions and at least eight more major rides.

Construction delays which set back the opening date from May 19 to mid-August also stalled plans for a colorful Neon gate on the Hastings Street side of the Park. The new gate will be ready later this year.

Future plans also call for a picnic ground adjacent to the amusement park so that family school and church groups can make use of the rides and other facilities on their outings.

Facts about the GIANT DIPPER

PLAYLAND's Giant Dipper is 75 feet high at its tallest point, making it one of the two highest roller coasters in North America. The other is in San Antonio, Texas.

Constructed entirely of specially treated fireproof woods and other local products, its was built from scratch on the Pacific National Exhibition Grounds. Walker Leroy, of Oaks Park, Oregon, was in charge of construction for Burrard Amusements Ltd. using the plan created by Carl Phare, the world's foremost roller coaster builder, and designer.

Materials and labor on the dipper cost $200,000. A 75-horsepower electric motor carries the 16-passenger specially designed trains to the top of the first drop and, from then on, the trains are pulled through a series of climbs, dips, banked turns, corkscrews and boomerang turns by the law of gravity. The initial drop is 73 feet.

The ride uses 2,840 feet of 38-inch gauge track which, if stretched out flat, would be mighty uninteresting.

The ride costs 40 cents and lasts for 1:30 minutes from the time the train leaves the loading platform.

On the steepest drop the trains will reach speeds of nearly 45 miles per hours, although the operator will only nod mysteriously if prospective customers guess that the trains move at speeds up to 90 miles an hour.

The PLAYLAND dipper boasts two unique turns, one dubbed the 'corkscrew' and the other called the 'boomerang'. In each case the name is descriptive of the type of turn, both of which are unique to the PLAYLAND dipper.

The three 16-passenger trains are built with several safety devices patented by Carl Phare.

The trains are actually separate trailers behind a four-wheel pilot car. The front two wheels on the pilot car are free, enabling greater speed and turnability. Each seat that follows is actually a separate trailer, coupled to the one ahead by a special coupling that has been tested pulling loaded freight cars. On most other coasters each set of three seats sits on four wheels - - - in effect a box with a wheel in each corner. The result is that the wheels are rigidly fixed and often one wheel of the four will actually be off the track. This reduces both the safety and the speed of the train.

On PLAYLAND Dipper's specially designed trains, each seat has its own set of wheels so that the wheels remain on the track at all times. The combination of a pilot car and the separate wheels for each seat enable the trains to reach higher speeds with greater safety.

An idea of the safety factor of Carl Phare-designed coasters can be obtained from the fact that, at Phare's Park in Seattle, the public liability insurance for the roller coater is little more than half the rate for the Merry-Go-Round ($4.75 per thousand, compared to $7.50 per thousand on the Merry-Go-Round).

The principal difference between most other coasters and the PLAYLAND Dipper is in the thrills that follow the first drop. On other coasters the first drop is the big thrill and the rest of the ride merely tapers off. On the PLAYLAND Dipper the thrills continue until the very last second with a hair-raising turn that brings the train into the unloading platform.

The lift-brake that stops the train at the end of the ride is always "ON". The operator could drop dead and the train would stop. The operator's job is to release the brake and bring the train in; otherwise it comes to a stop before reaching the end of the track, AUTOMATICALLY.

One other safety feature is a set of emergency brakes strategically located around the Dipper. the trains are timed in such a way that there is always an emergency break between each one. Designer Phare has been installing these devices for years, although he says he's never known of a case where an emergency brake was ever used.

Facts about the MERRY-GO-ROUND

One of the few old Happyland rides used in the new PLAYLAND park is the wonderful Merry-Go-Round, although it's doubtful that anyone would recognize the popular ride after Burrard Amusement Ltd. spent more than $50,000 rebuilding and housing it in its new location.

Ride expert Bob Bollinger insisted on salvaging the old Merry-Go-Round because "they just don't make them that way anymore". The mechanism has been rebuilt to included a fluid-drive clutch, among other things, and the 36 jumping horses have been repainted and the entire ride is now housed and modernistic, 100-foot diameter building with a W-shape roof. The ride has 36 horses, all jumping, plus six kiddie horses in a fixed position (in front of chariot seats so that Mom can stay close by the little ones).

The Merry-Go-Round moves at 10 revolutions per minute, giving the customer a three-minute ride every four minutes. It has an electric brake to bring the platform to a smooth stop. You'll still ride the Merry-Go-Round to the tune of the calliope but now the music is recorded and transmitted over a system of Hi-Fi speakers.

The music is important for the older people who come out to relive the past at night. "At one time, " Bollinger explains, "a Merry-Go-Round lay dead at night when the kids went home, but now it's almost as busy with adults."

Charge: 14 cents in the afternoon; 25 cents at night.

Facts about the RIDES

1. Auto Scooter: Cost $65,000 including $33,000 for 30 cars, which move about on a 41-foot by 83-foot floor. Both floor and ceiling are of steel and the 1/3 horsepower motors take their power from the 110-volt current running through the ceiling. Light bill for this one ride will be around $250 a month. Charge: 35 cents.

2. Whip: Well-know thrill ride with 12 cars. Cost $29,000 to install. Charge: 25 cents; 15 cents in afternoon.

3. Paratrooper: Ten seats hanging from wheel which turns on a 45-degree angle with the seats swinging free like a pendulum. Ride carries 20 people in the 10 seats. Cost $15,000 to install. Charge: 25 cents.

4. No. 12 size Ferris Wheel (moderate size): 45-foot wheel with 12 seats, will carry 24 adults or 36 children. Cost $12,500. Charge: 25 cents; 15 cents in afternoon.

5. 12-car Double Octopus: this ride is new to the PNE. It has two buckets on each arm and must be seen to be believed. Cost $16,500. Charge: 25 cents.

6. Helicopter: Self-operating ride appeals to teenagers. Cost $14,800. Charge 25 cents.

7. Super RoloPlane: Two cars on long arms that turn as they spin around. Cost $11,000. Charge: 25 cents.

8. Silver Streak: Saw action here before as Moon Rocket. Sixteen cars on inclined track. Cost $11,000. Charge: 25 cents.

9. Lindy Loop: Another well-known thrill ride. Cost $17,000. Charge: 25 cents.

10. Giant Dipper (see above).

11. Merry-Go-Round (see above).

12. Six kiddie's rides, including a boat, an aeroplane ride, sky-diver, children's ferris wheel (cage type) and a live pony ride.

Admission price for each ride is determined by a combination of factors. The principal factor is the cost of the ride, taken in relation to its capacity. For example, a ride that costs $25,000 and carries only four persons on each trip would have to charge more than a ride that cost $25,000 and carries 20 people a trip. In any case, where the ride appeals particularly to children, every effort has been made to keep the cost down.

MEET THE PEOPLE

G. P. "Jerry" Mackey

President of the Burrard Amusements Ltd., G. P. "Jerry" Mackey, has been coming to Vancouver since 1928 when he first played Cambie Street Grounds (now site of the BCE's Larwill Park Bus Terminal) with the Conklin and Garrett shows.

The following year Mackey made his first appearance on the PNE grounds with a blanket wheel that gave away Esmond Blankets.

"The story of a blanket wheel is the best way of illustrating what's happened to prices over the years," Mackey explains. "In those early days it cost me $1.35 to buy a blanket and it cost the players a nickel a spin. Now an Esmond blanket costs $4.65, and the players pay a dime a spin."

Mackey has been returning to the PNE almost every year since, with the exception of wartime when the fair ground became a barracks and Mackey himself was a pre-Pearl Harbor top sergeant in the U. S. Field Artillery. On only two occasions did Mackey miss the PNE and the PNE missed him, with the result that on both occasions, a rush call was sent out for him to come in and restore order.

The 49-year old concessionaire has been in the business since he left his native El Paso, Texas, at the age of 14 with a touring bottle joint. (A bottle joint, as its name implies, is one where the players throw baseballs at a stack of wooden "milk" bottles.)

From Venice, California, where he lived until the war, Mackey moved to Portland in 1946 when he and his late wife, Gladys, operated the concessions at that city's famed Jantzen Beach Park, which incidentally is still operated by Mackey.

Following the 1947 season when Mackey was absent, the PNE called upon him to clean up the midway, which he booked and managed for the fair until 1950 when it was decided to turn the midway over to "local" people. As a result of the chaos, Mackey was once again called in and he has been the principal concessionaire on the grounds ever since.

In 1957 Mackey, who also has concessions traveling to Toronto, Memphis, Dallas and other major U.S. and Canadian fairs, had 20 concessions on the PNE Gayway. In addition he was the go-between in the highly personalized negotiations between the PNE officials and police authorities on the one side and the carnies on the other.

Mackey's late wife, the former Gladys Meredith, who was raised in Saskatchewan, was also well known on the PNE grounds until her death after a lingering illness in 1957. His 10-year old son, Danny, is named after another well-known PNE concessionaire, Col. Dan Callahan.

Denver Burtenshaw

The highly specialized job of serving everything from hamburgers to steaks to more than 10,000 persons a day during the PNE, for the past eight years has fallen to quiet, bespectacled Denver Burtenshaw, one of the top cafeteria operators of the Pacific Northwest and Vice-President of the Burrard Amusements Ltd., operators of PLAYLAND.

The food concessions and the lavish new 100-seat PLAYLAND restaurant and drive-in will be the particular province of the 52-year old Bellingham-born Burtenshaw, who started out as a logging camp flunky and who now owns and operates the well-know Alpine Cafeteria system in Bellingham and Everett as well as catering for large crews as far apart as Baker Lake, Washington, and secret Dewline sites in Alaska.

Burtenshaw went into business for himself in 1928 in Bellingham with a lunch counter. To augment his income he started traveling every summer, covering the major fairs with his own cookhouse, but he always returned to Bellingham for the winter.

From Bellingham he built up his Alpine Cafeterias which are now the largest cafeteria operations in Northwest Washington. He first came to PNE in 1948 with a restaurant under canvas. in 1950 the PNE asked him to take over operation of its large cafeteria operation which had been pioneered by well-known city restaurant man Nat Bailey. Burtenshaw has run it ever since.

In addition, he has operated the restaurant and food concessions at Seattle's Playland Park for the past 15 years, and for 6 years he fed the U . S. Air Force at Tillamook, Oregon.

His plans for the new $65,000 PLAYLAND restaurant which fronts on Hastings Street call for 100-seat cafeteria-style operation, plus a drive-in where customers will pick up their own orders.

"This is a year-round operation," he explains, "so we'll be able to charge moderate prices, with a particular eye to family trade on weekends."

When Burtenshaw first took over the PNE cafeteria, one of his original employees was pretty Angela Pastor, then studying to be a school teacher. "I know I'm not much to look at," Burtenshaw told her, "but wait until you see my son."

Eventually Angela saw Burtenshaw's son, Jerry, who had been studying restaurant management at university in Seattle. The couple was married here last month.

Bob Bollinger

Supervision of the important ride section of the $1,000,000 PLAYLAND amusement park at the PNE grounds falls to 48-year old Robert "Bob" Bollinger, a second-generation expert in the field of thrilling and chilling the public.

Bollinger, who is also Treasurer of the Burrard Amusements Ltd., grew up at Oaks Park, south of Portland, where his father was first general manager and later owner of the 44 acre collection of spectacular rides.

The big green rides, such as the Scrambler, usually labeled Oaks Park, have been the most spectacular attractions on the PNE Gayway since 1949.

Although he has his hands full with the operation of Oaks Park, Bollinger joined long-time friends and associates Jerry Mackey and Denver Burtenshaw in the PLAYLAND venture because "I want to be part of what I would class as the most modern amusement park there is."

In addition to the 11 major rides and 6 kiddie rides on the permanent site, Bollinger will bring in another 8 major rides for the duration of the Fair.

"A good ride," according to Bollinger, "is one that gives the rider an inward thrill. Best of all are the ones that the rider thinks he is maneuvering, but you're limited in the number of things you can allow the person to do safely."

"Of course, the mass rides, such as the scrambler and the roller coaster are different. The ride itself does all the work of thrilling the customers."

Bollinger is known in the trade as trail blazer, often buying the first models of a particular ride to be turned out by the factories.

"Almost as interesting as the types of ride are the types of riders." Bollinger says. "One type is the 'Buck Benny'. He's the guy who'll do anything to show off to his girl. He does it to prove he's a hero, but the only thing he proves is that he's a darn fool. He's the kind of guy you stop rides to throw out."

Carl Phare

Every twist, turn, dip, hump and drop on North America's newest and fastest roller coaster, the new PLAYLAND GIANT DIPPER, is the result of extensive thought and effort of the world's foremost roller coaster builder.

That's the title given 72-year old Carl Phare, who has been working on roller coasters since the turn of the century and has been responsible for the construction and design of 28 major coasters. For the past 22 years he has also operated the Playland Park in Seattle.

"This will probably be the last coaster of this size ever built," says Phare. "The reasons are that there isn't anyone left to design a better coaster, and besides the immense cost of a coaster makes it impossible to build one in a straight amusement park."

"Only the fact that this park is part of the Pacific National Exhibition, with its large attendance, makes it possible here," he explains.

The PLAYLAND coaster was built at a cost of $200,000. Price per ride will be 40 cents.

Let Carl tell his own story:

"I started work on the Thompson Scenic Railway in Kansas City, Mo., my home town, in 1902. I was a brakeman. You rode around on the train operating the brake which clamped on the cable. The scenery was inside the tunnel.

"The scenic railway was the forerunner of the modern roller coaster. I started work with the Thompson Scenic Railway Company and I stayed with them , working on the construction and operation of scenic railways, mostly around the New York area. The first roller coaster was designed by S. E. Jackson of New York and built at Coney Island in 1906. I worked for the Jackson Company as construction foreman until 1909 when I started on my own, building the roller coaster at Brighton Beach. For the next 18 or 20 years I built coasters at Providence, Boston, San Diego, Ocean Park, California, Nahaut, Mass., Philadelphia, Rockaway Beach, N.Y., and Portland, Oregon."

"In 1928 I took out patents on my own type roller coaster cars and have since designed a number of rides in the Northwest using this type of car. The one built here in Vancouver will use this type of car and will have in its construction all of the safety features and devices known to anyone, with some new features added. This ride will have all the thrill features possible and still be safe."

"I'm really proud of this ride," he says. "I know I'll never build another, so I put everything I have learned over the pat 56 years into this one. There'll never be another one as good."

Jerry Crawshaw

Vancouver-born Jerry Crawshaw, one of Western Canada's best known carnival showmen, is the Public Relations and Promotion Manager of Burrard Amusements Ltd., the firm which operates PLAYLAND.

The 36-year old Crawshaw left his family's Royal Canadian Shows last January to join Burrard "because PLAYLAND is gong to be the pace-setter of the Canadian amusement industry and I wanted to be a part of it."

Born and educated in Vancouver, Crawshaw joined the Royal Canadian Shows in 1938, working on the Merry-Go-Round. He stayed with the carnival, which operated locally, until wartime.

He served in the Royal Canadian Navy as Executive Officer on three different corvettes on submarine patrol in the Atlantic with the rank of Lieutenant. In 1946 he rejoined the Show and moved through various phases of the operation.

In 1950, when he, his father and brother bought out a partner, Jerry became Manager, motorized the Show and toured it with throughout Alberta, Saskatchewan and Manitoba, returning each year to be at the PNE which had been a regular "spot" since 1947.

Walker Leroy

Actual construction of the $175,000 PLAYLAND GIANT DIPPER was in the hands of Works Superintendent Walker Leroy, of Oaks Park, Oregon.

Leroy, 42-year old transplanted Canadian of United Empire Loyalist stock, superintended the construction of the Dipper from the ground up.

Everything, including the cars patented by designer Carl Phare of Seattle, was built from scratch of local materials right on the site, just West of Empire Stadium on the PNE grounds.

The General Superintendent of Oaks Park, Leroy was born in Port Arthur, Ontario. Associated with carnivals since he was nine, when he got a job blowing up balloons in the carnival joint operated by his uncle, Leroy has been in the ride business since 1934.

Since then he has worked on several coasters, "usually with a hammer and saw", including the coaster at Puyallup, Washington, which was one of the largest until the new PLAYLAND coaster went into operation. He's been coming to the PNE with Bob Bollinger's rides since 1949.

Employment
"More than one-third of all the concessionaires in the PLAYLAND area of the Pacific National Exhibition will be local residents", Burrard Amusements Ltd. President, Jerry Mackey said today.

"We welcome the local concessionaires who had been coming to the PNE for many years." Mackey explained.

Burrard Amusements owns and operates PLAYLAND on a long-term contract with the PNE. The contract calls for Burrard to have the exclusive contract for all concessions, rides and shows at the PNE.

"There are approximately as many local concessionaires as in past years when they dealt directly with the PNE" Mackey said. "All that we ask of them is that they conform to the park standard of operation and construction."

"During the regular operation of PLAYLAND as an amusement park, all the permanent employees will be Canadian" Mackey said.

PNE Statement
"The Pacific National Exhibition welcomes Burrard Amusements Ltd. as a partner in its endeavor to put on a steadily improving Fair for the people of British Columbia and the Pacific Northwest," PNE President Joe Brown said today.

"We of the PNE have long cherished the dream of a first-class Gayway that would be a credit to one of the continent's largest annual fairs." Mr. Brown said.

"Unfortunately our geographical location has ruled out the major traveling shows.

"Now that Jerry Mackey, Denver Burtenshaw and Bob Bollinger, with whom we have had the most pleasant relations over the years, have undertaken to make a substantial investment in the future of the PNE, we feel great pride to be a partner in Canada's finest amusement park.

"Playland will be a source of great enjoyment to the steadily increasing number of people who make use of the PNE grounds, both during the Fair and throughout the year, PLAYLAND takes its place alongside the B.C. Building, Empire Stadium and the other first-class facilities that make the PNE an important year-round centre for the people of the Lower Mainland in particular and B.C. generally," Mr. Brown said..

"In addition, we are very happy to have the Gayway portion of the Fair in the hands of experienced and reasonable people who will insure that its standard of operation is in keeping with the accepted high standards of the PNE," Mr. Brown said.

PARKING AREA
"Construction of the new PLAYLAND amusement park has resulted in an increase of 350 parking spaces in the immediate vicinity of Empire Stadium," Pacific National Exhibition Parking Manager, J. O. "Bus" Evans, said today.

"In addition, all of the 5,150 spaces in the immediate Stadium area are now paved, compared to a total of 3,300 paved spaces before PLAYLAND was built," Mr. Evans said.

Mr. Evans explained that the area now occupied by PLAYALND permitted the parking of 2,800 cars. After using the earth fill made available by ground preparation at the PLAYLAND, the PNE was able to double the capacity of the parking area North of the Stadium to provide more than 3,000 paved spaces compared to 1,500 spaces on the unpaved and hilly area that existed before.

At all times, except when the Pacific National Exhibition is on, there will be a brand new area containing 800 paved spaces at the North end of the amusement park. Another 750 spaces are available South of Hastings at Windemere.

The PNE also required an additional 100 spaces for reserved football parking at Hastings and Cassiar. Including the new area and the old reserved area North of the Stadium, the PNE still has several hundred spaces available for reserved parking.

LOCATION
"Placing of the PLAYLAND permanent amusement park in its new location close by Empire Stadium, is part of the overall development plan for Exhibition Park being proceeded with in states in co-operation wit the Technical Planning Commission," A. P. "Bert" Morrow, PNE General Manager, states.

"There are many factors involved," he said. "It is self-evident that the expansion of the Exhibition must be according to long-term planning. It is equally self-evident that a permanent amusement park must have considerable area, particularly when the ultimate planning for that department includes picnic areas for family use. It must also be adjacent to extensive parking,. These factors were not present in the location of the old Gayway.

QUICK FACTS
PLAYLAND is operated by Burrard Amusements Ltd., a B.C. Company

Officers: G. P. "Jerry" Mackey, President
                 Denver Burtenshaw, Vice-President
                 Robert Bollinger, Treasurer

Contact: Jerry Crawshaw, HAstings 5960, Public Relations and Promotion Manager

Park has 11 major rides and 6 kiddie rides, plus live Pony ride.

Investment: $1,000,000 including $700,000 for buildings and equipment.

Midway is 460 feet long and has 16 permanent concessions.

Restaurant will seat 100 people and will operate year-round,.

All permanent park employees are Canadians.

Giant Dipper is 75 feet high at tallest point and steepest drop is 73 feet.

Largest single attraction of Park, the Dipper cost $200,000.

Designer of Giant Dipper is Carl Phare of Seattle, the world's foremost roller coaster builder.

Giant Dipper has three 16-passenger trains.

The entire Park layout has been color planned.

Cost of rebuilding and housing the Happyland Merry-Go-Round: more than $50,000.

Architect and designer of entire Park with exception of Dipper: Douglas Miller.

Size of Park: Nine Acres.

Location: Fronts on Hastings, just West of Empire Stadium, in the heart of metropolitan Vancouver.

Walker Leroy, of Oaks Park, superintended construction of the Dipper using all local materials and labor.

Estimated annual attendance: 150,00 plus PNE attendance.

SOME "CARNIE" SLANG
40 Miler: dark shirt that doesn't show dirt

Agent: operator of a concession

Back End: the part of the Gayway where the shows are located

Bally Stand: stage in front of a show tent where barker gives the "Ballyhoo"

Bees and honey: any kind of money

Cat Rack: a game where players knock over a cat with a baseball

Cookhouse: restaurant

Flash: fancy decorations on a booth

Fluke 'em: orange juice

Front End: the part of the Gayway where the games are located

Grab "Joint": hamburger stand or any food concession without seats

Ham and Bacon Store: a concession that awards hams and bacon for prizes

Hard: coins

Jenny: Merry-Go-Round

Joe Goss: the boss

Joint (or Store): concession

Laydown: markings on the counter of a booth where players place bets

Lead Gallery: shooting gallery

Lineup: row of concessions

P.C. Wheel: a game that pays off on percentage

Plush and Plaster: terms used to describe merchandise given as prizes

Show Business: when a carnival man uses the term, he means "carnival business"

Slough: close up

Soft: paper money

The spot: location of the fair

Tip: the crowd

The Pencil: the company bookkeeper

The "Privilege": rental paid for the privilege of taking space at a fair

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